Dandruff, or seborrheic dermatitis (later we will understand the difference) normally starts to be seen among the 10-25 years and 45-55 to improve spontaneously, it is nevertheless a real problem that is not always easy to solve.
Dertatite seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and oily dandruff, we understand the difference
Seborrheic dermatitis is an irritation of the scalp, which can sometimes also affect other parts of the body is known in two distinct forms. The first is commonly known as “dandruff”, whose real scientific name is Pityriasis dry. In practice consists of small white scales that are deposited on the scalp and cause itching. The second is known with the name instead of pityriasis steroid and consists scales yellowish and greasy, that unlike the dandruff not cause itching, but may also affect areas Ditri ears.
The cause of Dandruff
Dandruff is caused by an accelerated turnover of epidermal cells that, due to the increase in migration speed, can not reach full maturity before detaching. They thus form the antipaticissime white scales. Both types of dandruff (dry dandruff and oily dandruff) are characterized by the presence of inflammatory foci, consisting of groups of cells that probably contained by microorganisms, release substances that counteract the infection. Such substances altering the environment of the dermis originate a greater desquamation. The problem lies in understanding what creates local inflammation, which is the primary cause of dandruff. According to many dermatologists would cause a yeast of the genus Pityrosporum, discovered by Malassez in 1874 and confirmed by Sabouraud in 1902. Normally this organism constitutes 45% of the resident flora on the scalp of normal subjects. In the case of dandruff its presence salt up to 75%. It is not clear if the increase in the percentage due to local inflammation or is a consequence.
How to fight dandruff
In the market there are a myriad of anti-dandruff products, even in the supermarket often see products that “have” anti-dandruff properties. Lately they have also appeared supplements dandruff, but in this section we would like to try to explain what products and shampoos exist to combat the problem of dandruff. As mentioned there are on the market a huge amount of anti-dandruff products, always be evaluated with caution, as many of these are generic and not able to satisfy those who need more specific needs. Some shampoos contain active ingredients in fact germicide such as ketoconazole, which has a antifungal (while the pyridine compounds have a cytostatic effect and antiproliferative), capable of destroying bacteria or microorganisms that feed on the dead cells of the scalp.
To better combat dandruff, we often use principles such as surfactants, which play a cleanser, removing dirt and scales. In recent years have appeared on the market a number of products which are found predominantly in the pharmacy and were labeled oil-shampoo, usually expensive and not very appreciated by consumers for the low foaming. There are also some products that are intended to remove dead cells directly via keratolytic substances, limiting the peeling of the skin and then dandruff. It should be noted that for more and more serious conditions such as psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis can not be solved by the methods listed above to combat dandruff, but that necessarily involve the intervention of a dermatologist.
How does the shampoo against dandruff
The anti-dandruff shampoo uses some specific active ingredients that act primarily on the regulation of sebum in the scalp and the skin itself. In the formulation of the leading anti-dandruff shampoo often find:
- Zinc pyrithione which is a germicide that contributes to decrease or stop the proliferation of the fungus, and also inhibits cell turnover thus braking the production of scales;
- The tar, in turn, has cytostatic action, or slows or stops cell turnover;
- Salicylic acid is an exfoliating agent, an acid with keratolytic properties, or which removes the surface layers of the skin, but for this can be a bit ‘aggressive;
- The piroctone olamine (octopirox), which is an antibacterial, and anti-proliferative cytostatic effect, helps with oily dandruff because it soothes the irritation of the skin, purifying pores;
- The sulfate of selenium, another antifungal as ZPT which then has the same effect, though less tolerated in the other gender.
Then there are also herbal shampoo against dandruff, which use the natural properties of the plants, for example, based on:
- Nettle, which has anti-inflammatory properties as it contains creatine which helps to remove acids and excess sebum;
- Propolis, which is rich in flavonoids that give it antifungal and fungicidal properties;
- Hemp, whose oil is rich in fatty acids, which purify the scalp and remove the inflammation;
- Birch, which contains the saponin, which has anti-inflammatory and astringent qualities;
- Horse chestnut, which he uses as the active ingredient esculoside that favors the absorption of liquids and is therefore an astringent with soothing effect on irritated skin.
My personal advice for dandruff treatment…
I can recommend the Dandrene, a dandruff shampoo specifically for oily dandruff that we believe is at present a great product to fight the imperfections caused by dandruff, often causes embarrassment.
Dandrene is the ideal shampoo against dandruff oily scalp conditions reddened, itchy and greasy hair. This product of DS Laboratories solves the problem of the embarrassment caused by the presence of dandruff on clothes and hair using a high-performance formula that uses three active methods to combat dandruff:
- Is a technology antifungal, addressed to strike directly at the fungi that generate dandruff.
- Reduce the amount of fat on the hair, thereby reducing the power of these fungi.
- It provides the nutrients needed to keep hair and scalp healthy.
Dandrene is better than the traditional products that meet on supermarket shelves as recourse to antifungal agents and natural extracts studied by DS Laboratories. In particular we mention the presence of: Climbazole, a fungicide able to eliminate the problem of shavings generated from dandruff. Ketoconazole. A compound of Manuka and Birch. Pomegranate extract, which acts directly on the scalp, strengthening him. Brewer’s yeast, rich in vitamins, amino acids and minerals.
In summary Dandrene is a great shampoo against dandruff, then it is worth thinking about this product.